My dear friends welcome to My Own Italy, to discover Italy with my personal touch!
Our travel today is to the amazing Marche Region.
Here, right next to the beautiful coastline, you can admire the walls of the small town Fano, near Pesaro Urbino.
Fano, the ancient Roman garrison, was called "Fanum Fortunae" because of the "Temple of Fortune" erected to witness the battle of Metauro where the Roman legions defeated the Carthaginian army.
The climax of the Roman presence was at its Augustus imperial period when the emperor Octavian Caesar Augustus built the wall around the city by elevating it to the status of colony.
The walls are still preserved today for about two-thirds of the original circuit; they were made of sandstone and an internal filling of mortar and shavings of processing.
Eight cylindrical towers remain today, but once the walls were interspersed at regular spaces by twelve towers.
The walls were opened through the doors and the most important was the Arch of Augustus, situated where the Via Flaminia entered the city.
A smaller door to the city still opens about half of the Roman walls.
It is called "Gate of the Herd" because in the past there were grazing herds.
In 1357 Fano came under the rule of the Malatesta family, who in the '400 expanded the walls gaving new lands to the town.
The Malatesta built a new wing wall opposite to the ancient Roman walls and in front of the Arch of Augustus and in 1464 they built the Porta Maggiore .
About half of the century the so-called Malatesta Fortress was finally built; it has a trapezoidal shape and is surrounded by moats.
When Fano later passed to the Papal States, it was presented a plan to strengthen the military fortresses.
In 1552, by order of Pope Julius III, it was built the Bastion Sangallo, in the southeast corner of the Malatesta walls.
In this area, in the province of Pesaro Urbino, which has always been crossing point, the human presence is attested from the Lower Paleolithic.
Here Italic populations have occurred: the Picenes, Gallics, Umbrians and Etruscans, only for business.
It was a so interesting discovery for me!
Leisure me: this is my tourism!